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Below Surname Ancestry Results

Our indexes 1000-1999 include entries for the spelling 'below'. In the period you have requested, we have the following 8 records (displaying 1 to 8): 

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Inhabitants of Howdenshire and Harthill wapentakes in the East Riding of Yorkshire (1379)
The poll tax returns of the 2nd year of the reign of king Richard II for Howdenshire, the area around Howden, were transcribed from the original in the Public Record Office (Exchequer Lay Subsidies 202/69) and published in the Yorkshire Archaeological & Topographical Journal in 1886. In editing the text, the abbreviated Latin has been extended, and those occupations that appear have been put in italics. The normal tax for a husbandman or labourer and his wife was 4d, as was that for a single person; but tradesmen paid 6d or more. There are separate returns for Houeden (Howden), Saltmersshe (Saltmarshe), Cottenesse (Cotness), Metham, Scalby, Hemmyngburgh (Hemingbrough), Melton, Hithe, ....., Greneayk (Greenoak), Blactoft (Blacktoft), Thorp (Thorpe), Belby, Houom (Holme on the Wolds), Scoreburgh (Scorbrough), Walkington, Hothom (Hotham), Cliff (Cliffe), Barneby (Barmby), Bolthorp (Bowthorpe), Estryngton (Eastrington), Southduffelde (South Duffield), North Duffeld (North Duffield), Bardelby (Barlby), Welleton (Welton), Dyk (Gilberdike), Ousthorp (Ousethorpe), Brakenholm (Brackenholme), Kylpyn (Kilpin), Skypwyth (Skipwith), Cayuill (Cavil), Portyngton (Portington), Berland, Rykall (Riccall), Skelton, Balkholme, Lynton (Linton), West Cottingwith with Thorgramby (Thorganby), Knedelington (Knedlington), Yukflete (Yokefleet), Askelby (Asselby) and Gerthom (Gardham), as well as one or two places for which the headings are missing, and it is the latter that are indexed here.

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Inhabitants of Howdenshire and Harthill wapentakes in the East Riding of Yorkshire
 (1379)
Inhabitants of Yorkshire: The Ainsty (1379)
The poll tax returns for this wapentake, the area around the city of York.

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Inhabitants of Yorkshire: The Ainsty
 (1379)
Official Papers (1623)
The State Papers Domestic cover all manner of business relating to Britain, Ireland and the colonies, conducted in the office of the Secretary of State as well as other miscellaneous records. Includes some material from previous years, as early as 1603.

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Official Papers
 (1623)
National ArchivesApprentices (1754)
Apprenticeship indentures and clerks' articles were subject to a 6d or 12d per pound stamp duty: the registers of the payments usually give the master's trade, address, and occupation, and the apprentice's name, as well as details of the date and length of the apprenticeship. 2 August to 31 December 1754.

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Apprentices
 (1754)
National ArchivesApprentices registered in Norwich (1798)
Apprenticeship indentures and clerks' articles were subject to a 6d or 12d per pound stamp duty: the registers of the payments usually give the master's trade, address, and occupation, and the apprentice's name, as well as details of the date and length of the apprenticeship. There are central registers for collections of the stamp duty in London, as well as returns from collectors in the provinces. These collectors generally received duty just from their own county, but sometimes from further afield. The indentures themselves can date from a year or two earlier than this return. (The sample entry shown on this scan is taken from a Bristol return. Each entry has two scans, the other being the facing page with the details of the indenture, length of service, and payment of duty.) IR 1/68

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Apprentices registered in Norwich
 (1798)
National ArchivesBritish merchant seamen (1835-1840)
At this period, the foreign trade of ships plying to and from the British isles involved about 150,000 men on 15,000 ships; and the coasting trade about a quarter as many more. A large proportion of the seamen on these ships were British subjects, and so liable to be pressed for service in the Royal Navy; but there was no general register by which to identify them, so in 1835 parliament passed a Merchant Seamen's Registration Bill. Under this act a large register of British seamen was compiled, based on ships' crew lists gathered in British and Irish ports, and passed up to the registry in London. A parliamentary committee decided that the system devised did not answer the original problem, and the original register was abandoned after less than two years: the system was then restarted in this form, with a systematic attempt to attribute the seamen's (ticket) numbers, and to record successive voyages. The register records the number assigned to each man; his name; age; birthplace; quality (S = seaman, &c.); and the name and official number of his ship, with the date of the crew list (usually at the end of a voyage). Most of the men recorded were born in the British Isles, but not all. The system was still very cumbersome, because the names were amassed merely under the first two letters of surname; an attempt was made to separate out namesakes by giving the first instance of a name (a), the second (b), and so on. During 1840 this series of ledgers was abandoned, and a new set started with names grouped together by surname. BT 112/4

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British merchant seamen
 (1835-1840)
Dissolutions of partnerships in England and Wales (1846)
Perry's Bankrupt and Insolvent Gazette, issued monthly, included lists of dissolutions of partnerships gazetted in England and Wales. The names of the partners are given in full, surnames in capitals, followed by trade and address, and date of the end of the partnership. Each entry usually ends with the phrase 'Debts by ...', indicating which partner intended to continue, and resume the responsibilities of, the business. This is the index to the names of the partners, from the issues from January to December 1846.

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Dissolutions of partnerships in England and Wales
 (1846)
Traders and professionals in London (1856)
The Post Office London Directory for 1856 includes this 'Commercial and Professional Directory', recording over 100,000 individuals.

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Traders and professionals in London
 (1856)
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